Home IOS Development Utilizing SwiftData with Preview in SwiftUI

Utilizing SwiftData with Preview in SwiftUI

Utilizing SwiftData with Preview in SwiftUI


Within the earlier tutorial, I’ve walked you thru the fundamentals of SwiftData, a brand new framework launched in iOS 17 as a substitute for Core Knowledge. When you’ve got adopted that tutorial, you must now be aware of utilizing SwiftData to save lots of and handle information in a database. The built-in @Mannequin macro and the @Question macro vastly simplify the method of defining information mannequin and retrieving information from the database, making it extraordinarily simple for builders to deal with persistent information.

The Preview characteristic in SwiftUI is extremely beneficial because it permits builders to immediately visualize the app’s consumer interface with out the necessity to launch the simulator. Nonetheless, utilizing SwiftData with SwiftUI Preview requires some extra steps. On this tutorial, we are going to discover tips on how to combine SwiftData with SwiftUI Preview successfully.

Notice: Should you haven’t learn the SwiftData tutorial, I extremely advocate checking it out first, as this tutorial references a few of the supplies coated in that tutorial.

Revisiting the Knowledge Mannequin and SwiftData

Within the earlier instance, we now have constructed a mannequin class for ToDoItem like this:

SwiftData simplifies the method of defining a schema utilizing code. You solely must mark the mannequin class with the @Mannequin macro. SwiftData will then routinely allow persistence for the information class.

To be able to drive the information operations (like replace, insert, learn, and delete), we additionally must arrange the mannequin container. Within the ToDoDemoAppApp.swift, we now have connected the modelContainer modifier like beneath:

This configuration is basically all you want earlier than beginning to work with SwiftData.

Preview with SwiftData and In-memory Container

Within the Todo app demo, we now have a ContentView that hundreds and shows the to-do merchandise within the listing view. Right here is the pattern code:

You can also make the preview work by writing the preview code like this:

Nonetheless, on this case, the preview solely shows an empty Todo listing as a result of the container doesn’t have any information populated. Should you want to have some pattern information, you possibly can create a customized mannequin container particularly for the preview. Right here is an instance:

We instantiate a ModelContainer with an in-memory configuration and populate the container with 10 random to-do gadgets. To make use of this preview container, you merely modify the preview code and specify to make use of the previewContainer:

When you made the modification, the preview pane ought to present you the Todo listing view with 10 random gadgets.



SwiftUI Preview is a beneficial characteristic that enables builders to visualise their app’s consumer interface immediately, with out the necessity to launch the simulator. This tutorial offers complete steerage on successfully utilizing SwiftData with SwiftUI Preview. You need to learn to create a customized container populated with pattern information particularly for preview functions.

Should you take pleasure in studying this tutorial and need to study extra about SwiftUI, don’t neglect to take a look at our Mastering SwiftUI guide for iOS 17 and Xcode 15.

Founding father of AppCoda. Creator of a number of iOS programming books together with Starting iOS Programming with Swift and Mastering SwiftUI. iOS App Developer and Blogger. Comply with me at Fb, Twitter and Google+.



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