Home IOS Development Creating Superior Animation with KeyframeAnimator in SwiftUI

Creating Superior Animation with KeyframeAnimator in SwiftUI

Creating Superior Animation with KeyframeAnimator in SwiftUI


Along with the PhaseAnimator, SwiftUI launched the KeyframeAnimator in iOS 17, permitting builders to create superior animations utilizing keyframes. On this tutorial, we’ll delve into the KeyframeAnimator and learn to create a extra intricate animation.

The PhaseAnimator view (or modifier), which we mentioned within the earlier tutorial, offers builders with the flexibility to create multi-step animations over a sequence of phases. By specifying the specified animations for every section, the PhaseAnimator mechanically animates the content material every time the section adjustments. It simplifies the method of constructing complicated animations by dealing with the transitions between phases for you.

Working with KeyframeAnimator

For phase-based animation, it really works properly for animations that may be represented as discrete states. When a state transition occurs, all properties are animated concurrently. As soon as the animation for a specific state is accomplished, SwiftUI easily transitions to the following state. This course of continues throughout all animation phases.

Keyframe-based animation is designed to accommodate a particular kind of animation the place every property is animated independently. By using keyframes, we are able to animate particular person properties individually, which in flip affords us higher flexibility and management over our animations.


Let’s attempt to animate an emoji icon (as illustrated above) and you’ll perceive how we are able to use keyframe animator.

Defining the Animation Values

As talked about earlier, keyframe-based animation permits us to animate particular person properties independently. To make the most of the keyframe animator, we start by defining a struct that encompasses all of the properties we want to animate. Right here’s an instance:

The preliminary values outline the preliminary state of the emoji icon. Later, we’ll change every of the properties to scale, stretch, and transfer the emoji icon.

Making use of the Keyframe Animator

Within the physique closure, let’s replace the code like this to use the keyframe animator:

As ordinary, we use a Textual content view to show the emoji icon. To create a keyframe-based animation, we connect the keyframeAnimator modifier to the textual content view.

The initialValue parameter is supplied with the preliminary values that the keyframes will animate from. Throughout the view builder closure, now we have entry to 2 parameters. The primary parameter is a proxy worth that represents the modified view. The second parameter holds the interpolated worth generated by the keyframes.

We apply the specified animation results to the content material view by adjusting its scale, offset, and opacity. Lastly, it’s the keyframes parameter. That is the place we outline the worth adjustments that happen over time. These outlined keyframes can be accountable for making use of the corresponding animations to the desired worth.

Keyframes are organized into tracks, with every observe governing a definite property of the animated kind. Within the supplied code snippet, we particularly designated the keyframe observe for the dimensions property utilizing the CubicKeyframe kind. We alter the scale of the emoji, lowering it to 80% of its unique dimension.


When you’ve made the code adjustments, it is best to have the ability to see the animation immediately within the preview canvas. The keyframe animator animates the scale change and repeats it repeatedly.

Keyframe Varieties

Whereas we use the CubicKeyframe kind, there are literally 4 several types of keyframes obtainable:

  • LinearKeyframe – it interpolates linearly in vector area from the earlier keyframe.
  • SpringKeyframe – makes use of a spring operate to interpolate to the goal worth from the earlier keyframe.
  • CubicKeyframe – makes use of a cubic Bézier curve to interpolate between keyframes.
  • MoveKeyframe – instantly jumps to a worth with out interpolation.

Attempt to discover and check totally different keyframe varieties and durations to see their behaviors in motion. By experimenting with varied keyframe varieties and adjusting the length, you’ll be able to acquire a deeper understanding of how they influence and form your animations.

At the moment, we solely apply a single change for the scale property. You’re free to outline different worth adjustments over time. Right here is an instance:

The code describes the dimensions issue at particular instances inside the animation. Within the preview canvas, you’ll discover a smoother and extra fluid animation for the emoji icon.


A number of Keyframe Tracks

Up till now, now we have centered on a single keyframe observe to change the dimensions issue. Nonetheless, keyframes present the flexibility to animate a number of results independently by defining separate tracks, every with its personal distinctive timing. By incorporating a number of tracks, we are able to concurrently animate varied properties, enabling us to create extra superior animations.

In the identical demo, we are able to outline separate keyframe tracks for the vertical stretch, translation, and opacity properties. Right here is the pattern code:

By using a number of keyframe tracks, we are able to obtain an intriguing animation impact. On this case, the emoji icon will transfer round randomly, whereas its opacity varies at particular cut-off dates.


By default, keyframe animator retains working the animation repeatedly. If you wish to cease the animation, you’ll be able to set the repeat parameter to false.

You should utilize ZStack and overlay one other emoji icon to create animation as proven under. I’ll go away this as an train so that you can discover and implement.



KeyframeAnimator is a invaluable characteristic launched in iOS 17. In distinction to the PhaseAnimator modifier, this new software in SwiftUI empowers builders to create superior animations utilizing keyframes.

By leveraging keyframes, builders can outline particular cut-off dates and exactly manipulate the properties of their animations. This enhanced management permits for the creation of intricate and dynamic visible results, leading to a extra fluid animations.

Should you discover this tutorial helpful, don’t neglect to take a look at our Mastering SwiftUI e book to dive deeper into SwiftUI.



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