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A 3-step strategy to 5G sustainability

A 3-step strategy to 5G sustainability


Ericsson on how operators can work in the direction of net-zero targets and ship 5G sustainability with out compromising efficiency

“Our goal as an business, as a society, may be very clear,” Ericsson Head of Product Line 5G Sibel Tombaz mentioned throughout a chat on 5G sustainability on the current Telco Sustainability Discussion board (out there on demand right here). “We have to go away an excellent future for our grandchildren.” Within the context of demand for mobile-enabled providers persevering with to develop with out indicators of slowing, Tombaz laid out a three-step strategy to re-visioning community KPIs with sustainability top-of-mind, and doing so in a method that doesn’t sacrifice efficiency. 

Tombaz counted some 250 business 5G networks all over the world (60% of that are powered by Ericsson), and famous the agency’s personal purpose of lowering the vitality consumption of its merchandise by 40% between 2021 and 2025, and attending to net-zero by 2040. Associated to its provide chain, Ericsson needs to chop emissions by 36% by 2025. 

She characterised the bigger transitions as from the “community machine” to the “community organism” The previous is characterised as configuration-based, semi-static and algorithmic and the latter as intent-based,  vitality and consumer expertise acutely aware, and a key enabler for societal digitalization. “We imagine the subsequent wave of 5G will allow taking the primary steps in the direction of this goal.” 

The high-level steps—all geared round “doing extra with much less”—as laid out by Tombaz are: 

  • Bringing sustainability to the middle of community planning
  • Broaden and modernize the prevailing community whereas scaling up 5G
  • And use AI/ML and automation for clever operations that enhance vitality financial savings

To carry 5G sustainability extra meaningfully into the community planning course of, Tombaz emphasis multi-faceted measurements of vitality effectivity, together with vitality consumed by tools measure in kWh, vitality consumed per knowledge quantity measured in kWh/GB, and consumer expertise metrics like uplink/downlink speeds. These measurements, taken as a complete, will inform “What’s one of the best ways to offer extra with much less,” she mentioned. “We’re actually trying into offering the insights from a number of KPIs on the similar time, so we are literally making the appropriate enter for our community design and optimization.” 

The following is modernizing present community infrastructure whereas scaling up the deployment of 5G; the main focus right here is “after we look into our community, and if you happen to’re going to optimize the capability and consumer efficiency whereas minimizing the vitality consumption, we can not take a look at one element solely…We have to take a look at the entire web site.” This can inform a deeper understanding of which web site parts eat what quantity of vitality and supply what kind of consumer worth. In the true world, this may imply an operator is rolling vehicles to deploy mid-band spectrum utilizing huge MIMO radios. In that course of, they will additionally substitute legacy radios with leaner, extra performant, extra environment friendly tools. This one-touch strategy can enhance web site efficiency in a really materials method whereas additionally delivering a near-50% lower in embodied carbon emissions. 

The third step, AI-ML based mostly automation and energy-smart operations, entails leveraging superior radio applied sciences that may decide present (and predict future) community visitors masses and basically put numerous radio parts into sleep mode when not wanted. Whereas a consumer wouldn’t discover any form of degradation in efficiency, operators would definitely discover materials reductions in energy consumption and the related enhance in system-level vitality effectivity. 

Giving a real-world instance, Tombaz known as out Ericsson’s work with Telstra which, once more, revolves across the theme of “doing extra with much less.” Particularly on a per-site foundation, Telstra swapped out 12 legacy radios supporting low-band frequencies with three tri-sector radios for a 50% vitality financial savings; six radios supporting mid-band FDD have been changed with three radios for a 27% vitality financial savings; and legacy huge MIMO arrays have been changed with trendy tools for a 38% vitality financial savings—so from 21 radios to 9 radios. With the addition of vitality saving software program, together with micro sleep for transmit and cell sleep mode, and future plans for MIMO sleep mode, AI MIMO sleep mode and baseband energy saving. Community-wide, what Ericsson and Telstra put in place resulted in a 37MWh day by day vitality financial savings. 

“The important thing focus right here is that with the newest {hardware} and software program options, we are able to have a big impact to vitality financial savings,” Tombaz concluded. 

For extra on RAN modernization and vitality effectivity, obtain this information from Ericsson.



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