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Working and testing async Vapor instructions

Working and testing async Vapor instructions


Learn how to run async instructions in Vapor?

The async / await function is comparatively new in Swift and a few framework authors have not transformed the whole lot to reap the benefits of these new key phrases. At present, that is the state of affairs with the Command API in Vapor 4. You’ll be able to already outline async instructions, however there is not any approach to register them utilizing the Vapor framework. Happily, there’s a comparatively simple workaround that you need to use if you wish to execute instructions utilizing an asynchronous context. 🔀

First we’ll outline a helper protocol and create an asyncRun operate. We’re going to prolong the unique Command protocol and supply a default implementation for the run methodology.

import Vapor

public protocol AsyncCommand: Command {
    func asyncRun(
        utilizing context: CommandContext,
        signature: Signature
    ) async throws

public extension AsyncCommand {

    func run(
        utilizing context: CommandContext,
        signature: Signature
    ) throws {
        let promise = context
            .makePromise(of: Void.self)
        promise.completeWithTask {
            attempt await asyncRun(
                utilizing: context,
                signature: signature
        attempt promise.futureResult.wait()

This manner it is best to be capable to create a brand new async command and it is best to implement the asyncRun methodology if you wish to name some asynchronous Swift code.

import Vapor

ultimate class MyAsyncCommand: AsyncCommand {
    static let title = "async"
    let assist = "This command run asynchronously."

    struct Signature: CommandSignature {}

    func asyncRun(
        utilizing context: CommandContext,
        signature: Signature
    ) async throws {
        context.console.information("That is async.")

It’s attainable to register the command utilizing the configure methodology, you may do this out by operating the swift run Run async snippet if you’re utilizing the usual Vapor template. 💧

import Vapor

public func configure(
    _ app: Utility
) throws {

        as: MyAsyncCommand.title

    attempt routes(app)

As you may see it is a fairly neat trick, it is also talked about on GitHub, however hopefully we do not want this workaround for too lengthy and correct async command help will arrive in Vapor 4.x.

Unit testing Vapor instructions

This matter has actually zero documentation, so I assumed it might be good to let you know a bit about the right way to unit take a look at scripts created by way of ConsoleKit. To start with we’d like a TestConsole that we are able to use to gather the output of our instructions. This can be a shameless ripoff from ConsoleKit. 😅

import Vapor

ultimate class TestConsole: Console {

    var testInputQueue: [String]
    var testOutputQueue: [String]
    var userInfo: [AnyHashable : Any]

    init() {
        self.testInputQueue = []
        self.testOutputQueue = []
        self.userInfo = [:]

    func enter(isSecure: Bool) -> String {
        testInputQueue.popLast() ?? ""

    func output(_ textual content: ConsoleText, newLine: Bool) {
        let line = textual content.description + (newLine ? "n" : "")
        testOutputQueue.insert(line, at: 0)

    func report(error: String, newLine: Bool) {

    func clear(_ kind: ConsoleClear) {

    var dimension: (width: Int, peak: Int) {
        (0, 0)

Now contained in the take a look at suite, it is best to create a brand new utility occasion utilizing the take a look at surroundings and configure it for testing functions. Then it is best to provoke the command that you simply’d like to check and run it utilizing the take a look at console. You simply should create a brand new context and a correct enter with the mandatory arguments and the console.run operate will handle the whole lot else.

@testable import App
import XCTVapor

ultimate class AppTests: XCTestCase {
    func testCommand() throws {
        let app = Utility(.testing)
        defer { app.shutdown() }
        attempt configure(app)
        let command = MyAsyncCommand()
        let arguments = ["async"]
        let console = TestConsole()
        let enter = CommandInput(arguments: arguments)
        var context = CommandContext(
            console: console,
            enter: enter
        context.utility = app
        attempt console.run(command, with: context)

        let output = console
            .map { $0.trimmingCharacters(in: .whitespacesAndNewlines) }
        let expectation = [
            "This is async."
        XCTAssertEqual(output, expectation)

The great factor about this answer is that the ConsoleKit framework will mechanically parse the arguments, choices and the flags. You’ll be able to present these as standalone array components utilizing the enter arguments array (e.g. ["arg1", "--option1", "value1", "--flag1"]).

It’s attainable to check command teams, you simply have so as to add the precise command title as the primary argument that you simply’d prefer to run from the group and you’ll merely verify the output via the take a look at console if you’re on the lookout for the precise command outcomes. 💪



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